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Vietnamese Dishes




 
 

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Special Section



Vietnamese-To-English Translations of Dish Names



One of the issues Vietnamese restauranteurs and food enthusiasts face when trying to popularize our cuisine is agreeing on the most appropriate English translations for the names of the Vietnamese dishes. If you are a frequent visitor to Vietnamese restaurants, you might have noticed that a lot of restaurants translate the dishes' names differently from each other. To date, there is no known publication out there that provides a list of "official" translations that most of us could refer to.
As an effort to initiate the movement towards general agreement on Vietnamese-to-English translation of names of Vietnamese dishes and food items, Andrea Nguyen of VietWorldKitchen and Pho411.ca have teamed up to put together this comprehensive list of dishes and their most recognized English labels.

Andrea Nguyen is an author, freelance writer and cooking teacher based in Northern California. You can find out more about her and her work at VietWorldKitchen.com

Since this is a first edition, we expect to get agreements and disagreements from all Vietnamese food enthusiasts. Feel free to send us your thoughts using the form below.


We've broken the dishes and food items down to 12 different categories. All listings are in alphabetical order.



Types of FoodPreparation Methods
Herbs and VegetablesFruits
BeveragesAppetizers
SidesEntrees
In BetweensDesserts
Sauces/DipsOthers



Types of Food Types of Food
Appetizers Khai Vị
Beverages Giải Khác
Cake (or Crepe / Dumpling / Roll) Bánh
Desserts Tráng Miệng / Bánh Ngọt
Dipping Sauce Nước Chắm
Egg Noodle
Entree / Main Dish Món Ăn Chính
Fermented Fish/Shrimp Sauce Mắm
Fresh Produce Đồ Tươi
Fruits Trái Cây
Herbs Rau
Meat (pork, beef, chicken, etc.) Thịt
Meatballs (Nem Nuong) or Cured Sausage (Nem chua) Nem
Rice Cơm
Salad Gỏi
Side Dish Món Phụ
Soup Canh
Sweet Dessert Soup/Pudding/Drink (depends on consistency) Chè
Vermicelli (or Rice Noodles) Bún
Vietnamese sausage Chả
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Preparation Methods Preparation Methods
Boiled Luộc
Dip Nhúng
Fried Chiên
Grilled Nướng
Pickled Muối
Pour Đổ
Roasted Rang
Simmered Kho
Steamed Hấp
Stewed / Braised / Slow Cooked Hầm
Stir-fried Xào
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Herbs & Vegetables Herbs & Vegetables
Asparagus Măng Tây
Bean Sprouts Giá
Beets Củ Cải Đường
Betel Leafs Lá Lốt
Bitter Herb Rau Đắng
Bitter Melon Khổ Qua / Mướp Đắng
Buffalo Spinach Ngò Ôm
Cabbage Cải Bắp
Carrot Củ Cải Đỏ (aka ca-rot)
Cassava Khoai Mì
Cauliflower Cải Hoa
Celery Cần Tây
Ceylon Spinach Mồng Tơi
Chayote Trái Su
Chilies Ớt
Chinese Broccoli Cải Rô (aka cai lan)
Chinese Celery Cần Tàu
Chinese Spinach Rau Dền
Chives Hẹ
Coriander Ngò Rí (aka Ngò)
Corn Bắp
Crab claw herb Càng Cua
Cucumber Dưa Leo
Culantro Ngò Gai
Daikon Củ CẢi Trắng
Edible chrysanthemum greens Tần Ô
Eggplant Cà Tím
Fish mint Rau Dấp Cá
Fuzzy Gourd Bí Đao
Galangal Riềng
Garlic Củ Tỏ [aka toi]
Ginger Gừng
Green Bean Đậu Que
Green Radish Củ Cải Xanh
Guava Bean Bầu
Jicama Củ Sắn
Lemongrass Xả
Lettuce Cải Xanh
Lotus Roots Củ Sen
Lotus stems Ngó Sen
Mint Rau Thơm
Mung Bean Đậu Xanh
Mushroom Nấm
Okra Đậu Bấp
Parsley Rau Mùi Tây
Parsnip Cây Củ Cần
Peas Đậu Hột
Pennywort Rau Má
Pepper (black or white) Tiêu
Potato Khoai Tây
Pumpkin Bí Gợ (aka bi do)
Shallot Hành Tăm / Hành Hương
Soy Bean Đậu Nành
Spearmint Rau Húng Lủi
Spring Onion/Green Onion/Scallion Hành Lá
Sweet Potato Khoai Ngọt / Khoai Lang
Tamarind Me
Taro Khoai Môn
Taro Stem Bạc Hà
Thai Basil Quế
Thai Eggplant Cà Pháo
Turmeric Nghệ
Vietnamese Coriander Rau Răm
Vietnamese Lettuce Xà Lách
Vietnamese Perilla Tía Tô
Water celery Cần Nước
Water Spinach Rau Muống
Watercress Xà Lách Son
Yam Củ Từ
Yard-Long Bean Đậu Đũa
Yellow Onion Củ Hành
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Fruits Fruits
Apple Táo
Avocado
Banana Chuối
Cherries Anh Đào
Clementine / Tangerine / Mandarin Quít
Coconut Dừa
Dragonfruit Thành Long
Durian Sầu Riêng
Grape Nho
Grapefruit / Pomelo Bưởi
Guava Ổi
Jackfruit Mít
Lemon Chanh
Lime Chanh
Longan Nhãn
Lychee Vải
Mango Xoài
Mangosteen Măng Cụt
Nectarine Xuân Đào
Orange Cam
Papaya Đu Đủ
Peach Đào
Pear
Persimmon Hồng
Pineapple Khớm
Pomegranate Lựu
Prune Mận
Rambutan Chôm Chôm
Salty preserved plums Xí Muội
Sapodilla Sa Bô Chê
Soursop Mẩn CẦu Xiêm
Star Apple Vú Sữa
Star Fruit Khế
Sweet-sop Mẩn Cầu Ta
Tomato Cà Chua
Watermelon Dưa Hấu
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Beverages Beverages
Beer Bia
Coffee Ca Phê
Egg Yolk Soda Drink Soda Sữa Hột Gà
Fruit Shakes Sinh Tố Trái Cây
Hot Coffee with Condensed Milk Ca Phe Sua Nong
Lime Soda Drink Soda Đá Chanh
Pennywort Juice Rau Má
Pickled Lime Soda Drink Soda Đá Chanh Muối
Salty Preserved Plum Drink Soda Xí Muội
Sugarcane Juice Nước Miá
Vietnamese Iced Coffee with Condensed Milk Ca Phê Sữa Đá
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Appetizers Appetizers
Asparagus and Crab Soup Súp Măng Cua
Classic Vietnamese Sausage Chả Lụa
Fermented Pork Sausage Nem Chua
Fried Spring Rolls Chả Giò
Grilled Sugarcane Shrimp Chạo Tôm
Lotus Stem Salad Gỏi Ngó Sen
Mango Salad Gỏi Xoài
Papaya Salad Gỏi Đu Đủ
Salad Gỏi
Salad Rolls Gỏi Cuốn
Shredded Pork Salad Rolls Gỏi Cuốn Bì
Toasted Dried Squid Khô Mực
Vietnamese Grilled Meatballs Nem Nướng
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Sides Sides
7 Courses of Beef Bò 7 Món
Beef Dipped in Vinegar Bò Nhúng Dắm
Claypot Fish with Caramel Sauce Cá Kho Tộ
Congealed Duck Blood Tiết Canh
Curry Cà Ri
Grilled Beef in Betel Leaves Bò Lá Lốt
Grilled Lemongrass Chicken Gà Nướng Xã
Pork Meatballs Xíu Mại
Rare Lime Beef Bò Tái Chanh
Shaking Beef Bò Lúc Lắc
Simmered Pork and Eggs Thịt Heo Kho với Trứng
Spicy Stir-fried Lemongrass Beef Bò Xào Xã Ớt
Stir-fried Water Spinach Rau Muống Xào
Tamarind Fish Soup Canh Chua
Vietnamese Beef Stew Bo Kho
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Entrees Entrees
Angel Hair Vermicelli Bánh Hỏi
Bamboo Shoot and Duck Vermicelli Soup Bún Măng Vịt
Broken Rice Cơm Tấm
Chicken Congee Cháo Gà
Crab and Tomato Vermicelli Soup Bún Riêu
Crispy Noodles with Stir-fried Vegetables Mì Xào Dòn Rau Cải
Fish Congee Cháo Cá
Fried Rice Cơm Chiên
Glass Noodles Hủ Tiếu
Glass Noodles Stir-fried with Vegetables Hủ Tiếu Xào Rau Cải
Grilled Chicken Vermicelli Bún Gà Nướng
Grilled Pork Angel Hair Vermicelli Bánh Hỏi Thịt Nướng
Grilled Pork Vermicelli Bún Thịt Nướng
Hanoi Grilled Pork Vermicelli Bún Chả Hanoi
Hanoi Vermicelli Soup Bún Thang
Hot Pot Lẩu
Jumbo Shrimp Rice Cơm Tôm Càng Rim
Mekong Seafood Vermicelli Soup Bún Mắm
My Tho Seafood Glass Noodles Hủ Tiếu Mỷ Tho
Offal Cogee Cháo Lòng
Pho Phở
Plain Congee Cháo
Quang Noodles Mì Quảng
Rice with Grilled Pork Chop Cơm Sườn
Rice with Hainan Chicken Cơm Gà Hải Nạm
Rice with Stir-fried Lemongrass Chicken Cơm Gà Xào Xã Ớt
Rice with Stir-fried Vegetables Cơm Xào Rau Cải
Roasted Duck in Egg Noodle Soup Mì Vịt Tiềm
Silkworm Noodles Bánh Tằm
Sizzling Crepes Bánh Xèo
Spicy Hue Vermicelli Soup Bún Bò Huế
Spring Roll Vermicelli Bún Chả Giò
Vietnamese Hand-cut Rice Noodles Bánh Canh
Wonton Noodle Soup Mì Hoàng Thánh
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In Betweens In Betweens
Baguette / Bread Bánh Mì
Beef Stew with Baguette Bánh Mì Bò Kho
Crispy Rice, Coconut and Shrimp Cakes Bánh Khọt
Curry with Baguette Bánh Mì Cà Ri
Mini Steamed Rice Pancakes Bánh Bèo
Pate Chaud Bánh Pa Tê Sô
Steamed Meat Buns Bánh Bao
Steamed Rice Rolls Bánh Cuốn
Steamed Rice Sheets Bánh Ướt
Vietnamese Baguette Sandwich Bánh Mì Thịt
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Desserts Desserts
Baked Honey Comb Cake Bánh Bò Nướng
Cassava and Coconut Cake Bánh Khoai Mì
Flan Bánh Flan
Fried Banana Chuôí Chiên
Layered Pandan Cake Bánh Da Lợn
Moon Cake Bánh Trung Thu
Sticky Rice Xôi
Sticky Rice Dumplings in Ginger Syrup Chè Xôi Nước
Sweet Corn Porridge Chè Bấp
Sweet Fermented Rice Cơm Rượu
Sweet Fried Bread Bánh Tiêu
Taro Cake Bánh Khoai Môn
Tet Sticky Rice Cake (Cylinder) Bánh Tét
Tet Sticky Rice Cakes (Square) Banh Chung
Three Color Beans (Drink) Chè Ba Màu
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Sauces/Dips Sauces/Dips
Dipping Sauce Nước Chắm
Fermented Anchovy and Pineapple Sauce Mắm Nêm
Fish Sauce Nước Mắm
Ginger Fish Sauce Nước Mắm Gừng
Hoisin Sauce Tương Ăn Phở
Shrimp Sauce Mắm Ruốt
Soy Sauce Nước Tương
Sriracha Hot Sauce Tương Ớt
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Others Others
Half-hatched Duck Eggs Hột Vịt Lộn
Mixed Pickled Vegetables Đồ Chua
Rice Paper Bánh Tráng
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Not sure what a certain dish or ingredient is called? Or perhaps you'd like to suggest a change? Send us a request!